The hip-spine syndrome: how does back pain impact the indications and outcomes of hip arthroscopy?
Abstract: Many patients presenting with hip disease also have coexisting lumbar spine disease (LSD). At present there is a paucity of literature examining the effect of arthroscopic hip surgery in patients with coexisting LSD. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the relationship between the hip and lumbar spine to determine whether low back pain impacts the indications and outcomes for surgical intervention of the hip.
METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed by a search of PubMed using the following search terms: (1) hip, back, and motion; (2) hip, back, and pain; and (3) hip, lumbar spine, and pain. Two reviewers searched for relevant articles that met established inclusion criteria. We excluded review articles, technique articles, articles reporting on the same patient population, and articles without reported patient data. Kinematic data pertaining to the hip for patients with low back pain was collected. Preoperative and postoperative data were collected for patients treated for hip disease in the setting of LSD.